Let’s follow through on a scenario:
Category One $100.00 invested in each of the two failures = $200.00 invested. After a 50% fall in value, the stocks are sold = $100.00 value by the end of the investing period.
Category Two $100.00 invested in each of the four good performers = $400.000 total invested. A 13.5% increase in value over the investing period results in a $454.00 value at the end.
Category Three $100.00 invested in each of the two star performers = $200.00 invested. This turns into $420.00, if one stock earned a 90% return and one a 130% return.